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Two-spotted skipper

While worldwide the two-spotted skipper is secure, that is not necessarily the case on a local basis. Most states where the butterfly resides consider it fairly rare

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Dickcissels gather in large flocks for fall and spring migration, up to thousands of birds. On their winter range, flocks may be as large as millions of birds, and these flocks can inflict substantial damage on agricultural crops in South America.

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Poweshiek Skipperling

Poweshiek skipperling butterfly populations have shown a well-documented collapse in less than a decade between 2000 and 2010, with likely extirpation of over 95% of the populations. In 2000, Poweshiek skipperling was known from native prairie remnants in Iowa, Minnesota, North and South Dakota, and Wisconsin and in fens in Michigan. By 2010, it was no longer found in the Dakotas, Minnesota, and Iowa. The original core habitat range for the species was orders of magnitude larger than the current range. The cause of this wide-spread decline is still unknown.

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Dakota skipper

Dakota skippers spend most of their life as larvae or caterpillars from approximately late July until the following June or July. After hatching, larvae form shelters of silk at the base of grass plants and construct larger shelters as they grow. Dakota skipper larvae overwinter either in these shelters or in buried shelters.

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Henslow’s Sparrow

The Henslow’s sparrow has the simplest and shortest song of any North American songbird, a thin tze-lick insect-like song, accurately described as a “feeble hiccup.”

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Rusty Patched Bumble Bee

These bees are unique among other North American bumble bees in that the queen’s color pattern differs from that of the worker bees in the colony. The rusty patched bumble bee queen does not have a rusty patch.

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Plains Harvest Mouse

A plains harvest mouse in captivity gave birth at least four times in one year.  Young mice are sexually mature at two months. Nests are composed of fine grasses compacted into small balls approximately 4 x 3 in/10 x 6 cm in bunchgrasses close to or on the ground.

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Great Plains White Fringed Orchid

The Great Plains white fringed orchid flowers produce a fragrant scent from the evening and into the night to attract pollinators. The species is pollinated exclusively by sphinx moths or hawk moths, whose proboscis length matches the length of the nectar spur of the orchid flower.

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