On March 7th, the LandPKS Team hosted a LandPKS Field Day at the Jornada Experimental Range, just outside Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA. The Jornada Experimental Range has served as a field research laboratory since 1912 for long term agricultural and ecological research. The first goal of the field day was to have the LandPKS team go through the entire LandPKS app – including both current and future modules and features. In addition, the second goal was to obtain feedback from specialists and technical experts outside the core LandPKS team. Joining the team for the field day was ecologist Laura Burkett, biological science technician Kirsten Romig, post-doctoral researcher Erica Christensen, and Science Education Specialist with the Asombro Institute of Science Education Ryan Pemberton.
LandPKS soil and range experts Shawn Salley and George Peacock led the group through the existing LandInfo and LandCover modules within the LandPKS app. These two modules are designed to walk the user through collecting soils and vegetation data. We also used and collected feedback on the soon-to-be released SoilID feature that matches the user’s soil inputs with soils mapped in the same area. George Peacock also walked the group through the SoilHealth module that is in development and next on our list to be programmed into the app.
Due to the afternoon wind and dust storm which is typical for this time of year in Las Cruces, after a picnic lunch we finished the day at the Jornada Experimental Range headquarters where Amy Quandt led the group through the soon-to-be released LandManagement module. This module aims to provide farmers with an easy record keeping tool to manage their farm inputs and outputs. We finished the day with a feedback session to discuss possible future revisions to the LandPKS app.
The LandPKS app is free and available on the Google Play Store and iTunes Store. The LandPKS app was developed by the LandPKS Team for the Land-Potential Knowledge System (LandPKS) with support from USAID and USDA-ARS. Please contact us at email@example.com with any questions, comments, or feedback.
The LandPKS mobile phone app (landpotential.org) helps users make more sustainable land management decisions by assisting them to collect geo-located data about their soils, vegetation, and site characteristics; and returning back to users useful results and information about their site. The LandPKS app is a global app that can be used in any location around the world. As visible on the LandPKS Data Portal (landpotential.org/data-portal/), there have been LandPKS sites completed on 6 continents!
In order to provide more information about LandPKS to our stakeholders and users globally, we have started a YouTube channel called LandPKS. We will continue to add videos about how to use the app, user testimonials, and LandPKS presentations. Please subscribe to help stay updated!
Trainings conducted in Hawassa, Ethiopia in late January
Trainings conducted in Hawassa, Ethiopia in late January
With the recent hiring of LandPKS Country Coordinators in both Tanzania and Ethiopia, the LandPKS team is putting much of our efforts into conducting more trainings, improving our training materials, and translating both the training materials and the app into other languages. We have training materials available on our website in Swahili, Amharic, and Oromo (https://landpotential.org/resources/training/), and we have recently released a new version of the LandPKS app that is translated into Spanish, with French and Swahili to be released in the next month.
Training of agricultural extension agents at the Lushoto District Council, Tanzania
Training of agricultural extension agents at the Lushoto District Council, Tanzania
Mr. Elifadhili Daniel, our Tanzania LandPKS Country Coordinator, has developed an ambitious plan to conduct trainings all over the country. If you are in Tanzania and interested in learning more about LandPKS, please contact him at E.Daniel@cgiar.org.
Mr. Elifadhili Daniel training lecturers and instructors at Kaole Agricultural College, Tanzania
In Ethiopia, Mr. AdaneBuni, our Ethiopia LandPKS Country Coordinator, is working on developing partnerships and collaborations with government agencies working on issues of land use planning. These partnerships will include training throughout Ethiopia as well. If you are in Ethiopia and interested in learning more about LandPKS, please contact him at A.Buni@cgiar.org.
Mr. Adane Buni near Arsi Negele collecting soil samples to be used during trainings in Ethiopia.
Knowledge for sustainable land management – in your hands!
Land Capability Classification class determination
Soil Color function to determine color
Ability to use the soil color or texture guide without creating a site
Updated Soil Limitations tab with new inputs
Spanish language (change language in Settings)
The LandPKS app helps users make more sustainable land management decisions by allowing them to collect geo-located data about their soils and vegetation using several modules. It then provides users with information about their site. It also provides free cloud storage and sharing, which means that you can access your data from any computer from our Data Portal at https://landpotential.org/data-portal/ . The LandPKS app does not require a data connection to be used, and users can upload their data when they have connectivity. The LandPKS app currently includes two modules: LandInfo and LandCover.
The LandInfo module makes site and soil characterization fast and easy! The app walks the user through how to hand texture their soil, and document other important site characteristics. Version 3.2 includes the new Soil Color function, which allows the user to determine the color of their soil sample by taking a photo of the sample next to a reference card.
This version also includes the new Land Capability Classification (LCC) results in the Report page. LCC classifies the land into 8 different classes based on sustainable production potential based on Slope, Soil Texture, and Soil Limitations. This can be used for land use planning and land management.
The LandCover module is a simple tool for rapidly collecting and recording vegetation cover using a 1 meter or yard stick. The module walks a user through collecting vegetation data using a point-intercept method at 5 points at 20 locations in each plot. Cover results are automatically calculated on the phone and delivered to users as simple graphs, including cover trends over time.
Learn more about the LandPKS app on the LandPotential.org website. Training resources, including guides and online trainings, are also available on the website.
The LandPKS app was developed by USDA-ARS in collaboration with CU Boulder and NMSU with support from USAID, BLM and NRCS.
Various agricultural practitioners including district extension officers, agricultural college trainers, researchers and agricultural seed producers in Morogoro region have expressed their excitement as they were introduced to LandPKS. This was demonstrated after being trained to use the LandPKS mobile app and its application in identifying potential of the land and how it can be used as a decision-making tool for land use planning and management. The training conducted by LandPKS country coordination officer for Tanzania Mr. Elifadhili Daniel from 10th-20th Dec. 2018 in Morogoro whereby agricultural professionals from Chalinze District, Morogoro District Council, Mvomero District Council, WOPATA, agricultural researchers from Tanzania Agricultural Research Institutes – Cholima Dakawa and Ilonga centres, Ministry of Agriculture Training Institute trainers and field extension officers from Agricultural Seed Agency( ASA) were reached. A total of 111 professionals were trained at this phase and were able to use LandPKS application.
The training was organized as part of LandPKS developers’ efforts to roll out the technology to agricultural practitioners in Tanzania and capacitate them to; characterize local site conditions (soil, topography, climate) using LandPKS mobile app, analyze and interpret outputs in specific contexts and to use LandPKS for collecting information that will facilitate decision making for sustainable land use planning.
To facilitate quick understanding, the training was divided into two phases, the theoretical part whereby the participants were oriented to the LandPKS application and assisted to download and troubleshoot. The second part encompassed a field practical training where the participants were involved in soil texturing and data collection using the LandPKS app. This was the most exciting part of the training where they appreciated site-specific instant results by LandPKS.
Applicability of LandPKS
Agricultural professionals reached out during the training described how LandPKS would be a great help in their day to day activities. ASA seed experts were pleased with the advent and introduction of this technology by acknowledging that it just came at the right time. ”We have a larger field exceeding 3000 acres. LandPKS tool will help characterize our soils at various parts of our field and guide us in planning and we will start this exercise tomorrow, however we may need more training and practice to perfect it’’. Similar comments were made by one of the principal TARI researchers at Ilonga Station during the wrap up session, who commended efforts made by LandPKS developers to bring easy to use technology for soil characterization and ultimately land use planning, emphasizing on more training and guidance from the country coordination officer.
On the other hand, LandPKS also gave tremendous zest to District agricultural extension officers reached, who expressed their eagerness to learn more about the app and train their colleagues who did not attend the training. One could notice the interest on their faces as they were actively involved in digging and working the soils and follow the guide to determine the textural class.
Both indoor and outdoor training sessions were very interactive where a number of questions pertaining the app, interpretation of the results and the use of LandPKS website resources were asked and answered and comments given which were subsequently communicated to LandPKS developers.
The LandPKS (Land Potential Knowledge System) project is recently launched in Ethiopia to complement ongoing efforts in land administration and sustainable land management. Currently in Ethiopia an emphasis is given on issuing land certificates to secure land tenure rights of rural communities. Although, securing land rights encourages farmers to invest conservation-wise on their land, land demarcation and certification merely based on plot sizes alone could not be sufficient to achieve sustainable land management. Cognizant of this fact, the Ethiopian government is yet to enforce land use policy. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Rural Land Administration and Land Use Proclamation No, 456/2005, states:
“A guiding land use Masterplan, which takes into account Soil type, Landform,weather condition, plant cover and socio economic conditions and which is based on a water shed approach, shall be developed…………”
“WHEREAS, it has become necessary to establish an information database. that enables to identify the size, direction and use rights of the different types of landholdings in the country……”
Accordingly, land use policy needs to be backed up with scientific knowledge about the potential of a land. The lack of knowledge about land’s potential is one of the reasons for the underutilisation or overexploitation of lands under occupancy. Thus, making the relevant knowledge readily available is half the solution of the prevailing land misuse problem. Not only that, knowledge of the land’s potential should also be the preceding and the core step while setting up land use policies. LandPKS serves this purpose by availing analysed information about the potential of land following a worldwide accepted standard land evaluation procedures, based on a data gathered by users and retrieved from the cloud by the LandPKS mobile app. The LandPKS app replaces the exhausting, paper based, a qualified expert demanding conventional land evaluation process. The detailed biophysical information about the land supplied by LandPKS will complement the preliminary textual and imagery data which are displayed on the land tenure certificates already being issued to rural land holders in Ethiopia.
Moreover, the Ethiopian government is keen on establishing land information system database, which potentially fosters information accessibility to users. Likewise, maintaining transparency is one of the core working principles in Ethiopian offices, where land administration is no exception. Nevertheless, the paper-based land data archiving is a bottleneck to transparency where the end users require the goodwill of authorities or experts to get data access. This in turn could be pinpointed as one of the factors for land related corruptions widespread in Ethiopia. Maintaining data transparency requires use of the right tools and methodologies to collect and store data. In this aspect, the LandPKS app is an ideal tool as it will make data openly accessible to all registered users through its data portal.
The issue of sustainable land management has been a priority agenda in Ethiopia. This boils down to the fact that soil erosion is identified as the main environmental degradation causing further socioeconomical instabilities in the country. Soil erosion is aggravated by the recurring drought, over-cultivation, deforestation and overgrazing practices in Ethiopia. To figure out the erodibility risk of a specific area it will be mandatory to: monitor the land cover, understand the soil inherent characteristics, topography and the climate condition. The LandPKS mobile application is developed with a functionality to analyze and correlate the above-mentioned parameters upon which feasible soil conservation decisions could be made. Moreover, from the biophysical soil LandPKS outputs, fertility related variables could be extrapolated which also contributes to the land management decisions.
The LandPKS project is engaged in disseminating the LandPKS mobile app through capacity building training for all kinds of interested stakeholders including government officers, farmers, extension workers, researchers, and students. Often shortage of office computers in Ethiopia is the hurdle in the compilation and analysis of data collected from the field. The LandPKS app will address this issue, as it will enable officers to collect, store, analyse and interpret data all at once using affordable mobile smart phones. This could also assist their daily task of preparing field reports, as LandPKS app gives the option to generate PDF reports, and leaves them with less excuse of not having computers. On top of that, unlike computers requiring broadband or WiFi internet connection to upload data, which currently is a luxury to have in Ethiopian offices, LandPKS data could be uploaded using regular phone internet connection. Not only that, in remote rural Ethiopian villages where there is limited phone signal, LandPKS app users could temporarily save collected data on their portable mobile phone and they should do synchronization to upload data on the web portal whenever and wherever they get internet connection.
Finally, taking into account the indispensable role LandPKS app could play in the land use planning and sustainable land management, LandPKS Ethiopia project pursue opportunities to work in partnership with various implementing stakeholders and mainstream use of LandPKS app into ongoing land management practices. Any organization interested in collaborating with the LandPKS project, and/or receiving a training on the use of the LandPKS app should contact the Ethiopian Country Coordination Officer, Mr. Adane Buni, at A.Buni@cgiar.org.
Adane Buni is the LandPKS Country Coordination Officer for Ethiopia. Adane has graduated in Water Security and International Development at a Master’s of Science Degree level from University of East Anglia, United Kingdom. Previously he has studied Soil Science(MSc) at Hawassa University, Ethiopia and Soil and Water Engineering and Management (BSc) at Haramaya University, Ethiopia. His thesis work for his Master’s degree in Soil Science focused on the soil acidity problem prevailing across Ethiopia, specifically in the South West Region. Accordingly, he has assessed the effects of different rates of lime addition on improving the properties of an acidic soil in the region. Moreover, his dissertation for his second Master’s degree analysed the Water-Energy-Food nexus in the Upper Nile Basin at national scales.
Adane has approximately nine years of work experience at various organizations in different parts of Ethiopia. He has lectured in the departments of small scale irrigation and rural water supply at Hawassa Polytechnic College for five years. Most of his trainees used to be extension and development workers from Ministries of Agriculture and Water. He was also an Associate Researcher at Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research. He was overseeing a research project on the Management of Vertisols, a soil type covering large parts of agricultural lands in Ethiopia known for its inherent water-logging problem limiting its productivity. His specific responsibilities as a researcher were initiating research proposals, analysing field research data and demonstration of research findings to the farmers.
Adane is enthusiastic about the use of tools that assist decision making in natural resource management. He also strongly believes in the importance of digitizing environmental data and making an easy access of information to stakeholders in order to achieve the transformation of Ethiopian Agriculture. That was why he decided to join the LandPKS team and make his own contribution.
The LandPKS team spent three days last week in Kisarawe District, Tanzania training and testing the new Land Capability Classification (LCC) function of the LandPKS app. The LCC classifies the land into eight classes (from prime agricultural land to land that would be better used for livestock, wildlife conservation, or forestry) based on the potential productivity of the land. The class is determined by slope, soil texture, and seven different soil limitations such as soil depth, permeability, flooding, etc. We were joined in Kisarawe District by staff from Tanzania’s National Land Use Planning Commission (NLUPC) as well as Kisarawe District staff including land use planners, agricultural officers, and livestock specialists.
We spent three days in the Kisarawe District, which is a rural area just outside of Dar es Salaam, the largest city in Tanzania. The first day everyone visited the nearby village of Mtamba and the LandPKS team trained the national and district level staff, alongside local village government officials and farmers, on how to use the LCC function within the LandPKS app. We also discussed how the LCC can be integrated into land use planning in order to better match the land use with the land capability. The second day, we visited the villages of Masanganya and Marumbo in Kisarawe District. Dr. Charles Mkalawa from the NLUPC conducted the trainings with the village governments and farmers the second day. The third and last day, we visited Mhaga, and the staff from the NLUPC and Kisarawe District conducted the entire training! It was excellent to see how quickly the staff understood the LCC function and the LandPKS app, and were able to train others within three short days. These staff are now well trained to help others learn how to use the LandPKS app for biophysical characterization of the land for land use planning. All of us at the LandPKS team were very impressed and by the NLUPC and Kisarawe District staff are looking forward to future collaborations and implementation of the LandPKS app for land use planning efforts in Tanzania and beyond.
Video Caption: Staff from the Kisarawe District leading the LandPKS training.
The LandPKS app is free to download for both Android and iOS. Learn more about the LandPKS app on the landpotential.org website. Training resources, including guides and online trainings, are also available on the website. The LandPKS app was developed by the LandPKS Team for the Land-Potential Knowledge System (LandPKs) with support from USAID and USDA-ARS. Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org with any questions, comments, or feedback.
The LandPKS team is committed to user-centered app design, and a major part of this includes soliciting feedback from our users in order to help improve the LandPKS app in order to meet their needs. The LandPKS team conducts a bi-annual online user survey to gain feedback about various components of the app. We conducted our lastest bi-annual survey last month and want to say thank you to all our users who contributed their thoughts and ideas!
Results in Figure 1 show that many of our users are long time users of LandPKS and have been using the app for more than 2 years, while others are new to LandPKS. We also asked our users which LandPKS modules they use most in their work (Figure 2). Importantly, most of our users are utilizing both the LandCover and LandInfo modules in order to characterize the soil and monitor vegetation. Additionally, a handful of users indicated they had collected data on more than 300 sites using LandPKS!
We also asked users a variety of questions about the new LandPKS App Version 3.0 as well as their thoughts on modules we are currently designing and programming. Users reported that they are very likely to use the upcoming SoilColor and Land Capability Classification Modules which will be released in the next few months. Further, many users stated that they would like to be able to download PDF reports and shape files of their data from the LandPKS Data Portal (https://landpotential.org/data-portal/). As a result of this feedback we plan to integrate these functions into the Data Portal in the near future. Our users have also found the newly available results in the LandPKS App Version 3.0 helpful to their work. Particularly, users find the bar chart data summaries in LandCover helpful as well as the visual summaries of soil texture and rock fragment volume by depth.
The LandPKS app (landpotential.org) helps users make more sustainable land management decisions by assisting users to collect geo-located data about their soils, vegetation, and site characteristics; and returning back to users results and information about their site. The LandPKS app Version 3.0 is free and available now on the Google Play Store and iTunes Store. The LandPKS app was developed by the LandPKS Team for the Land-Potential Knowledge System (LandPKs) with support from USAID and USDA-ARS. Please contact us at email@example.com with any questions, comments, or feedback.
The LandPKS app (landpotential.org) helps users make more sustainable land management decisions by assisting users to collect geo-located data about their soils, vegetation, and site characteristics; and returning back to users useful results and information about their site. The LandPKS app is a global app that can be used in any location around the world. As visible on the LandPKS Data Portal (landpotential.org/data-portal/), there have been LandPKS sites completed on 6 continents!
While being a global app has major advantages, it also comes with design challenges in order to assist our global users. In order to address this, we have developed three major design guidelines:
In order to maximize simplicity, the LandPKS team aims to minimize the number of components and screens. We aim to break tasks into manageable chunks so that users are not overwhelmed. Additionally, we strive to have the LandPKS app be as visual as possible by using simple graphics and charts. For example, in the vegetation monitoring module, LandCover, users select vegetation types based on simple images.
Figure 1: Selection of vegetation and cover types in the LandCover module of the LandPKS app. Users choose from these simple images to determine what types of vegetation are present at their site.
In order to maximize usability of the LandPKS app we aim to design the navigation of the app to be intuitive and seamless. Most importantly, the LandPKS app is designed and built to be useable by non-technical experts. Therefore, we aim to use minimal technical language, include question marks with brief text and/or graphical explanations, and include explanatory videos when needed. For example, in the LandInfo module, we include videos that help explain how to hand-texture the soil for a user who is not a soil scientist and may be unfamiliar with how to hand-texture the soil.
Figure 2: Screenshots of videos that help walk a user through how to hand texture the soil in the SoilInfo Module of the LandPKS app.
Lastly, we focus on the usefulness of the LandPKS app globally. This includes soliciting feedback from our users in order to help mold the LandPKS app to meet their needs. The LandPKS team conducts a bi-annual online user survey to gain feedback about various components of the app. We also spent a month in Tanzania last year testing the app with smallholder farmers and agricultural extension agents, making sure they found the app useful and were able to understand the outputs.
While the effort to create a global app is guided by the three steps outlined here, it is still very much a work in progress. The LandPKS app Version 3.0 is free and available now on the Google Play Store and iTunes Store. Learn more about the LandPKS app on the landpotential.org website. The LandPKS app was developed by the LandPKS Team for the Land-Potential Knowledge System (LandPKs) with support from USAID and USDA-ARS. Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org with any questions, comments, or feedback.